Dub shaman Lee "Scratch" Perry, fin de siècle rap king DMX, Rolling Stone heartbeat Charlie Watts, jazz fusion giant Chick Corea and "King of Mexican Song" Vicente Fernández were among the music figures we lost in 2021.

An alphabetical list of musicians and music industry figures who died in 2021.

  • 6 Dogs (SoundCloud rapper)
  • 12 O’Clock (member of Wu-Tang-affiliated hip-hop group Brooklyn Zu; murdered)
  • 18Veno (South Carolina rapper; murdered)
  • 600BossMoo (Chicago rapper)
  • Virgil Abloh (groundbreaking designer was also a noted DJ and Kanye West’s creative director)
  • Pa Chris Ajilo (Nigerian highlife artist/producer)
  • Tope Taiwo Ajogbajesu (Nigerian gospel singer, the Ajogbajesu Twins)
  • Richie Albright (Waylon Jennings drummer)
  • Scott Alcoholocaust (Bay Area punk promoter)
  • Keith Allison (songwriter, session guitarist and, for seven years, Paul Revere & the Raiders bassist)
  • Vjuan Allure (DJ, producer and ballroom scene pioneer)
  • Adalberto Álvarez (Cuban pianist and bandleader; Covid-19)
  • Fawad Andarabi (Afghan folk singer, murdered by the Taliban)
  • Stone Anderson (bassist for Alabama rockers Rob Aldridge & the Proponents)
  • Louis Andriessen (Dutch composer)
  • Susan Anway (original Magnetic Fields singer)
  • Rubén “Pelo” Aprile (Argentine producer and label owner)
  • Michael Apted (director, “Coal Miner’s Daughter”)
  • Jesse Aratow (agent, String Cheese Incident, Leftover Salmon)
  • Phil Asher (British DJ and producer)
  • Barthelemy Attisso (Orchestra Baobab guitarist)
  • Raysean Autry (co-founder of hip-hop blog Kollege Kidd)
  • Krishnaswami Ramachandran Azad (Denver jazz/soul drummer)
  • Eve Babitz (journalist/novelist/artist who chronicled LA culture from the inside)
  • Baby CEO (Memphis rapper; murdered)
  • Elbee Bad (house DJ and producer)
  • Norman Bailey (British bass-baritone)
  • Razzy Bailey (country songwriter)
  • Tim Baker (techno DJ, producer and label owner)
  • Rodney Bakerr (Chicago house producer and label founder, Rockin’ House Records)
  • Djordje Balasevic (Serbian pop singer; Covid-19)
  • Kenny Ballinger (Wichita, Kan., venue owner and promoter)
  • Carmen Balthrop (American soprano)
  • Chris Barber (British jazz bandleader)
  • Andy Barker (808 State bassist/keyboardist/composer/plus)
  • Franco Battiato (Italian singer/songwriter)
  • Michel Baumann (aka Jackmate and Soulphiction; DJ, producer and label owner)
  • Bert Baumbach (Canadian bluegrass guitarist, the Dixie Flyers)
  • BCR Meezle (up-and-coming Chicago rapper; murdered)
  • Carl Bean (gospel and disco singer, “I Was Born This Way”)
  • Esther Bejarano (Holocaust survivor and member of the Auschwitz Women’s Orchestra who devoted the rest of her life to music and fighting racism)
  • Pinto Bennett (Idaho honky-tonk singer/songwriter)
  • Byron Berline (bluegrass fiddle great and well-traveled session musician)
  • Andrew Bernard (saxophonist for John Fred and His Playboy Band and co-writer of “Judy in Disguise [With Glasses]”)
  • Jim Bessman (music journalist best known for his long stint at Billboard)
  • Big Wan (up-and-coming Milwaukee rapper; murdered)
  • Luke Biggins (British music video director)
  • Michael Bishop (producer and engineer, Telarc Records)
  • Biz Markie (old school hip-hop’s clown prince)
  • Charlie Black (country songwriter)
  • Jay Black (leader of ’60s pop stars Jay and the Americans)
  • Black Rob (Bad Boy rapper best known for 2000 hit “Whoa”)
  • Dewayne Blackwell (rock and country songwriter, “Friends in Low Places”)
  • Jerry Blair (major label promo exec who was instrumental in the careers of Mariah Carey, Ricky Martin and others; Covid-19)
  • Tim Bogert (rock bassist, founding member of Vanilla Fudge)
  • Boog the Bandit (Columbus, Ohio, rapper; murdered)
  • Martin Bookspan (classical radio and TV host, best known for “Live From Lincoln Center”)
  • Juini Booth (jazz bassist who played with the Sun Ra Arkestra, Art Blakey, Albert Ayler and many others)
  • Perry Botkin Jr. (TV and film composer)
  • Dustin Boyer (owner of Indianapolis honky-tonk Duke’s Indy)
  • Connie Bradley (longtime head of ASCAP Nashville)
  • Jack Bradley (Louis Armstrong’s personal photographer)
  • Sérgio Brandão (Brazilian bassist)
  • Jerry Brandt (New York club owner, the Ritz, the Electric Circus; Covid-19)
  • Leslie Bricusse (lyricist/composer for films and musicals)
  • Mick Brigden (rock manager and road manager, Joe Satriani, Humble Pie, Mountain)
  • Sheila Bromberg (British classical harpist who played on the Beatles’ “She’s Leaving Home”)
  • Steve Bronski (Bronski Beat co-founder)
  • Brother Resistance (Trinidadian rapso singer)
  • William A. Brower (jazz concert programmer and critic, and longtime stage manager at New Orleans Jazz Fest)
  • Steve Brown (rock producer, the Cult, Manic Street Preachers, Wham!)
  • Ed Bruce (country singer/songwriter, “Mammas Don’t Let Your Babies Grow Up to Be Cowboys”)
  • Patsy Bruce (country songwriter, “Mammas Don’t Let Your Babies Grow Up to Be Cowboys”)
  • Jerry Burgan (’60s folk-rock singer/guitarist, We Five)
  • James Burke (Five Stairsteps singer/guitarist)
  • John Burks (Rolling Stone magazine’s first managing editor)
  • Karla Burns (musical theater actress)
  • Ron Bushy (Iron Butterfly drummer)
  • Mark Bubba Bynum (Bar-Kays keyboardist)
  • Françoise Cactus (half of French/German duo Stereo Total)
  • José María Cámara (Spanish record exec)
  • Joe Camarillo (drummer for the Waco Brothers and many other Chicago bands)
  • Malcolm Campbell (publishing executive for Spin, the Fader and Blender)
  • Carman (contemporary Christian singer/songwriter and member of the Gospel Music Hall of Fame)
  • Ralph Carmichael (film and TV composer, gospel songwriter and Nat King Cole arranger/conductor)
  • Raffaella Carrà (Italian pop star and actress)
  • Shaun Carrington (session guitarist)
  • Larry Carter (Romeo Void drummer)
  • Jonas Cash (promotion exec)
  • Malcolm Cecil (synthesizer designer and performer, producer and Stevie Wonder collaborator)
  • Franco Cerri (Italian jazz guitarist)
  • Eulalio “Sax” Cervantes (sax player for Mexican rock band La Maldita Vecindad; Covid-19)
  • Joel Chadabe (composer and electronic music pioneer)
  • Jahade Chancey (Staten Island hip-hop producer and studio owner; murdered)
  • Emmett Chapman (jazz guitarist who invented the Chapman Stick)
  • Michael Chapman (influential British folk guitarist and singer/songwriter)
  • CharlestheFirst (EDM producer)
  • Phil Chen (classic rock session bassist)
  • Robert “Lucian” Chiarello (half of ’80s New York punk/electro band Mode/IQ)
  • Gabriel Chong (Kuala Lumpur DJ/producer)
  • Dolores Claman (Canadian jingle composer best known for her “Hockey Night in Canada” theme song)
  • Erma L. Clanton (Memphis playwright, theater director and songwriter)
  • Kevin Clark (Chicago musician whoi played drummer Freddy “Spazzy McGee” Jones in “School of Rock”)
  • Louis Clark (ELO orchestrator and Hooked on Classics creator)
  • Sanford Clark (rockabilly and country singer; Covid-19)
  • Maureen Cleave (British journalist who was an early champion of the Beatles)
  • Willie C. Cobbs (blues harmonica player)
  • Claudio Coccoluto (Italian house DJ)
  • Richard Cole (Led Zeppelin road manager)
  • Harry Colomby (high school teacher who was Thelonious Monk’s longtime manager)
  • Freddie Combs (minister and season 2 “X Factor” contestant)
  • Charles Connor (drummer for Little Richard and other rock pioneers)
  • Bruce Conte (Tower of Power guitarist)
  • Billy Conway (Morphine drummer)
  • Harry Coombs (longtime promo exec at Philadelphia International Records)
  • Kenneth Cooper (baroque harpsichordist)
  • Jason “Rowdy” Cope (country guitarist, the Steel Woods, Jamey Johnson)
  • Chick Corea (jazz and jazz fusion piano giant)
  • Jill Corey (1950s pop singer)
  • Diego Cortez (New York art and music instigator; co-founder of the Mudd Club)
  • Justin Cosby (co-founder of Australian indie label Inertia Music)
  • Paul Cotton (Poco guitarist)
  • Alan Coulthard (British DJ and remixer)
  • Eva Coutaz (classical music tastemaker and label exec, Harmonia Mundi)
  • Shawn Cripps (frontman of Memphis garage-rockers Limes)
  • J.D Crowe (bluegrass banjoist, the New South)
  • Stefan Cush (The Men They Couldn’t Hang singer)
  • Wowa Cwejman (synthesizer designer, Cwejman music)
  • Janet D’Addario (co-founder of the guitar string & accessory company that bears her last name)
  • Tim Daniels (Dallas club owner, Club Dada)
  • Mike Darole (Bay Area rapper; murdered)
  • Das Muster (German electro artist/producer)
  • Sarah Dash (Labelle co-founder)
  • Judith Davidoff (master of the viola da gamba and other early stringed instruments)
  • John Davis (one of the real singing voices behind Milli Vanilli; Covid-19)
  • Peter G. Davis (longtime New York Magazine classical critic)
  • Steve “Stevie D” Davis (Phoenix punk-rock bassist, Glass Heroes)
  • Dino J.A. Deane (jazz/experimental multi-instrumentalist and electronic innovator)
  • Tommy DeBarge (R&B singer, the Switch)
  • Taylor Dee (Texas country singer/songwriter)
  • Deezer D (actor and rapper)
  • Paul DeLeon (metal drummer, Las Cruces)
  • Fred Dellar (British music journalist; spent two decades at NME)
  • Constance Demby (ambient/new age composer and musician)
  • Buddy Deppenschmidt (jazz drummer and bossa nova pioneer)
  • Jacob Desvarieux (singer and co-founder of pioneering zouk band Kassav’; Covid-19)
  • Morris “B.B.” Dickerson (bassist, singer and founding member of War)
  • DMX (rap superstar and actor)
  • Alix Dobkin (pioneering lesbian singer/songwriter)
  • Dottie Dodgion (jazz drummer)
  • Dokta Frabz (Nigerian producer)
  • Malcolm Dome (British rock and metal journalist)
  • Double K (half of LA hip-hop group People Under the Stairs)
  • Barbara Dozier (wife and business partner of Motown songwriter/producer Lamont Dozier)
  • John Drake (Amboy Dukes lead singer)
  • Drakeo the Ruler (LA rap innovator; murdered)
  • Craig Duffy (tour manager for bands including Duran Duran, Blur and Radiohead)
  • Duke Bootee (pioneering rapper and producer, Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five’s “The Message”)
  • James Dukes Jr. (bass singer for 1970s Chicago soul group Heaven and Earth)
  • Melvin Dunlap (funk bassist, Charles Wright & the Watts 103rd Street Rhythm Band)
  • Graeme Edge (Moody Blues drummer)
  • David R Edwards (frontman of Welsh experimental rock group Datblygu)
  • Mickey Eichner (longtime Columbia Records A&R exec)
  • Einar (19-year-old Swedish rapper; murdered)
  • Abdelkarim Elkabli (Sudanese singer/songwriter)
  • Pee Wee Ellis (jazz and R&B saxophonist; James Brown’s bandleader)
  • Emani 22 (R&B singer)
  • Bill Emerson (bluegrass banjo player, the Country Gentlemen)
  • Les Emmerson (leader of the Five Man Electrical Band; he wrote “Signs”; Covid-19)
  • Roger Englander (TV producer/director who championed classical music on the small screen)
  • Charles English (Detroit DJ)
  • Alèmayèhu Eshèté (Ethiopian singer/songwriter known as the “Abyssinian Elvis”)
  • Pamela Espeland (Minneapolis jazz and general arts critic)
  • Barbara Ess (No Wave musician and photographer, Y Pants, Disband and the Static)
  • Deon Estus (longtime Wham!/George Michael bassist)
  • Darren Eubank (Dallas singer/songwriter; Covid-19)
  • Harvey Evans (musical theater actor)
  • Don Everly (half of the Everly Brothers, rock and country-rock pioneers)
  • John Fagot (promo exec for Columbia, Capitol and Hollywood)
  • Sabah Fahkri (Syrian tenor and ambassador of Arabic classical music)
  • Bob Fass (freeform radio pioneer, WBAI)
  • Fatboi Gwalla Gwalla (Milwaukee rapper; murdered)
  • Anne Feeney (folk singer and activist; Covid-19)
  • Vicente Fernández (Mexican troubadour known on both sides of the border as the King of Mexican Song)
  • Pat Fish (aka the Jazz Butcher, long-running British indie pop singer/songwriter)
  • Neil Flanz (steel guitarist best known for his association with Gram Parsons)
  • Flatline Nizzy (Pittsburgh rapper; murdered)
  • Randy “Baja” Fletcher (production manager for Keith Urban, Brooks & Dunn, Waylon Jennings and others)
  • Chencho Flores (Texas conjunto accordionist/singer)
  • Flow La Movie (Puerto Rican producer)
  • Carlisle Floyd (American opera composer)
  • Michael Fonfara (Canadian keyboardist, Lou Reed, Downchild Blues Band)
  • Pat Fontes (New England house and techno DJ/producer)
  • Ashley Forbes (Scottish label exec)
  • Stan Foreman (Capitol Records promo exec)
  • Howard “KingFish” Franklin (Washington, D.C., jazz drummer; Covid-19)
  • George “Commander Cody” Frayne (leader of early country rockers Commander Cody and His Lost Planet Airmen)
  • Denny Freeman (Austin blues guitarist)
  • Nelson Freire (Brazilian classical pianist)
  • Manfred Fricke (founder of German electronic instrument company MFB)
  • Dave Frishberg (jazz singer/songwriter/pianist, best known for his “Schoolhouse Rock!” songs)
  • Curtis Fuller (jazz trombonist)
  • Pierce Fulton (dance music producer)
  • Dell Furano (rock merchandising pioneer)
  • Ethel Gabriel (produced at least 2,500 records for RCA Victor)
  • Steve “Zumbi” Gaines (rapper in Bay Area hip-hop group Zion I)
  • David Gamble (drummer and one-half of Athens, Ga., post-punk band the Method Actors)
  • Ted Gardner (Australian artist manager who co-founded Lollapalooza with Perry Farrell)
  • Jivan Gasparyan (Armenian duduk player and composer)
  • Bruce Gaston (American composer/performer of Thai classical music)
  • George Gerdes (folk-pop singer/songwriter and actor)
  • Giuseppe Giacomini (Italian tenor)
  • Leonard “Doc” Gibbs (jazz and R&B percussionist)
  • Terry Gibson Jr. (New Orleans trumpeter, Sporty’s Brass Band)
  • Gift of Gab (Blackalicous rapper)
  • Greg Gilbert (lead singer of British rock band the Delays)
  • Inge Ginsberg (Holocaust survivor who in her 90s became the “Death Metal Grandma”)
  • Raymond Gniewek (Metropolitan Opera Orchestra concertmaster)
  • Gonzoe (veteran LA rapper; murdered)
  • Jerry Granelli (jazz drummer best known for playing on “A Charlie Brown Christmas”)
  • Courtney Granger (acclaimed Cajun fiddler, the Pine Leaf Boys)
  • Micki Grant (Broadway singer/actor/composer/lyricist)
  • Milford Graves (avant-garde jazz percussionist)
  • JT Gray (owner of Nashville bluegrass institution the Station Inn)
  • Burton Greene (avant-garde jazz pianist)
  • Eric Greif (metal lawyer and manager, Death, Obituary, Massacre)
  • Grace Griffith (Washington, D.C., folk and Celtic singer)
  • Nanci Griffith (country-folk singer/songwriter)
  • Douglas Grigsby (session bassist and longtime Teena Marie music director)
  • Sally Grossman (Woodstock, N.Y., label, studio and theater owner and Bob Dylan album cover model)
  • Edita Gruberova (Slovak soprano)
  • Michael Gudinski (founder of the Mushroom Group; a giant in the Australian music industry)
  • Oscar Guitián (Latin music producer, promoter, manager and label exec)
  • Margo Guryan (singer/songwriter)
  • Paquito Guzmán (Puerto Rican salsa singer)
  • Jonas Gwangwa (South African jazz trombonist)
  • Bernard Haitink (longtime conductor of Amsterdam’s Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra)
  • Tiffini Hale (member of ’90s Disney pop band the Party)
  • Tom T. Hall (country songwriting great known as “The Storyteller”)
  • Hammer Beanz (Providence, R.I., rapper; murdered)
  • Slide Hampton (jazz trombonist and arranger)
  • Connie Hamzy (aka “Sweet Connie,” Arkansas rock groupie immortalized in Grand Funk’s “We’re an American Band”)
  • Bill Harkin (architect who built Glastonbury’s first Pyramid Stage)
  • Sarah Harding (member of UK girl group Girls Aloud)
  • Regi Hargis (funk guitarist, founding member of ’70s Atlanta band Brick)
  • Larry Harlow (pioneering salsa musician)
  • Dave Harper (Frankie & the Heartstrings drummer)
  • Barry Harris (Detroit bebop pianist; Covid-19)
  • Matt Harris (rock bassist, Oranger, the Posies)
  • Jon Hassell (experimental composer/trumpeter and inventor of Fourth World music)
  • Bruce Hawes (songwriter and session keyboardist who was an essential part of the Sound of Philadelphia in the 1970s)
  • Roger Hawkins (drummer for the Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section, aka the Swampers)
  • Alan Hawkshaw (British songwriter/producer best known for his theme to the BBC’s “Grange Hill”)
  • Jaz Hayer (half of British bhangra and hip-hop duo the Kray Twinz; Covid-19)
  • Don Heckman (jazz and pop critic, LA Times, NY times and elsewhere)
  • Don Heffington (Lone Justice drummer)
  • Tony Hendra (comedian and writer who played Spinal Tap manager Ian Faith)
  • Herbie Herbert (longtime Journey manager)
  • Dave Hickey (art—and sometimes music—critic, and author of “Air Guitar: Essays on Art and Democracy”)
  • Skilyr Hicks (South Carolina singer/songwriter who appeared on “America’s Got Talent”)
  • Dusty Hill (ZZ Top bassist)
  • John Hinch (original Judas Priest drummer, who left after the band’s debut album to become an artist manager)
  • Antoine Hodge (opera singer; Covid-19)
  • Søren Holm (lead singer of Danish indie-pop band Liss)
  • Waldo Holmes (trumpeter and songwriter who founded the Hues Corporation and wrote its proto-disco hit “Rock the Boat”)
  • Derek “Del” Hood (British rock drummer, All About Eve, Baader Meinhof)
  • Kyle Hoover (indie-rock guitarist, Ganglians, Tiaras, Fine Steps)
  • George Horn (mastering engineer; Covid-19)
  • Mike Howe (Metal Church singer)
  • Sally Ann Howes (British musical actress, best known for “Chitty Chitty Bang Bang”)
  • Leonard Hubbard (longtime Roots bassist)
  • Josh Humiston (agent whose clients included Dionne Warwick and Judas Priest)
  • Paul Humphrey (frontman of Toronto new wave band Blue Peter)
  • Mark Humphreys (Los Angeles singer/songwriter/producer)
  • Nicole Hurst (backup singer for Justin Timberlake, Kelly Clarkson, Bruno Mars and others)
  • Peter Ind (British jazz bassist and producer)
  • Ralph Irizarry (timbales master)
  • Al Jackson (Los Angeles club DJ)
  • Duffy Jackson (jazz drummer)
  • Paul Jackson (bassist for Herbie Hancock’s Headhunters)
  • Stonewall Jackson (honky-tonk singer and longtime Grand Ole Opry member)
  • Jay Jacobs (longtime William Morris music agent)
  • Tony Jacome (singer/drummer for Canadian metal band Shallow North Dakota)
  • Sandra Jaffe (co-founder of Preservation Hall)
  • Flory Jagoda (guitarist and accordionist who specialized in traditional Sephardic and Ladino music)
  • Rick Jarrard (producer, Jefferson Airplane, Harry Nilsson, José Feliciano)
  • Mark Jensen (co-owner of Austin brew pub and live venue ABGB)
  • Jeune Loup (Canadian rapper; murdered)
  • Howard Johnson (jazz tuba player)
  • Paul Johnson (Chicago house producer)
  • Michael Jolicoeur (hip-hop tour manager)
  • Joey Jordison (Slipknot co-founder and longtime drummer and songwriter)
  • Mark Josephson (founder of the influential record pool Rockpool and co-founder of the New Music Seminar)
  • Patrick Juvet (pop & disco singer/songwriter)
  • K-Hand (pioneering techno DJ/producer known as the First Lady of Detroit)
  • Martin Kahan (rock and country music video director)
  • Nick Kamen (’80s British pop singer and model)
  • Mario Kaminsky (founder of Argentine label Microfón)
  • KamNutty (Columbus, Ohio, rapper; murdered)
  • Kangol Kid (UTFO rapper)
  • Chuck Kaye (music publishing pioneer, Warner Chappell, DreamWorks; Covid-19)
  • Mark Keds (Senseless Things guitarist)
  • Bruce Keir (co-founder of guitar amp and effects company Blackstar Amplification)
  • Paul Kellogg (impresario who led the Glimmerglass Opera and the New York City Opera)
  • Patricia Kennealy-Morrison (rock journalist, editor and author immortalized on film for her relationship with Jim Morrison)
  • Ketchy the Great (Los Angeles rapper)
  • Derek Khan (“ghetto fabulous” hip-hop and R&B stylist; Covid-19)
  • Mzilikazi Khumalo (South African choral music composer)
  • Sibongile Khumalo (South Africa’s “First Lady of Song”)
  • Shunsuke Kikuchi (Japanese film & TV composer)
  • Killer Kau (South African amapiano star)
  • Barney Kilpatrick (Warner Bros. promotion exec)
  • Debby King (attendant to the stars at Carnegie Hall’s fabled Maestro Suite)
  • Richard H. Kirk (Cabaret Voltaire co-founder)
  • Lois Kirschenbaum (New York opera superfan)
  • Tawny Kitaen (actress and star of classic rock videos)
  • Glen Knight (agent)
  • Louie Knuxx (New Zealand rapper)
  • Scott Koenig (manager, Fear Factory, Biohazard)
  • Bob Koester (founder of blues/jazz label Delmark Records and owner of Chicago’s Jazz Record Mart)
  • Jim “Koz” Kozlowski (veteran of several indie rock labels, including Relativity Records)
  • Jean Kraft (American mezzo-soprano)
  • Ken Kragen (artist manager who was instrumental in the creation of “We Are the World”)
  • KTS DRE (Chicago drill rapper; murdered)
  • Melvis Kwok (Hong Kong Elvis impersonator)
  • Jeff LaBar (Cinderella guitarist)
  • Lady Aïda (Dutch techo pioneer)
  • Rick Laird (Mahavishnu Orchestra bassist)
  • Jeanne Lamon (longtime leader of Toronto’s Tafelmusik Baroque Orchestra)
  • Alan Lancaster (Status Quo bassist)
  • Anita Lane (Australian singer/songwriter and early collaborator with the Birthday Party and Nick Cave)
  • Scott Laningham (Austin, Texas, jazz drummer)
  • Bob Lanois (producer, engineer and harmonica player who opened Grant Avenue Studio with his brother Daniel in the 1970s)
  • David Lasley (singer/songwriter and backup singer to the stars)
  • Paul Laubin (master oboe maker)
  • Elliot Lawrence (big-band leader, film and TV composer/conductor)
  • Stephen J. Lawrence (composer, “Sesame Street,” “Free to Be…You and Me”)
  • John Lawton (Uriah Heep and Lucifer’s Friend singer)
  • Lisa Lee (Academy of Country Music exec)
  • Gary Leib (cartoonist, illustrator and musician, Suss, Rubber Rodeo)
  • James Levine (conductor of the Metropolitan Opera and the Boston Symphony who was brought down by allegations of sexual abuse)
  • Alan Lewis (British music journalist who founded Kerrang! and was the top editor at NME and other publications)
  • David Cutler Lewis (Ambrosia keyboardist)
  • Lil Devin (Indiana rapper; murdered)
  • Lil Loaded (Dallas rapper)
  • Alex Linden (guitarist for Wisconsin metal band Bereft)
  • Janice Long (BBC radio DJ and “Top of the Pops” host)
  • David Longdon (British prog-rock singer & multi-instrumentalist, Big Big Train)
  • Jerry Lubbock (pop/R&B songwriter/arranger)
  • Jerry Lubin (Detroit underground radio pioneer; Covid-19)
  • Pat Lucas (music publishing executive)
  • Alvin Lucier (experimental American composer)
  • Christa Ludwig (German mezzo-soprano)
  • Stuart Lyon (British promoter/publicist/manager)
  • Tony MacMahon (Irish accordionist)
  • Don Maddox (fiddler and last surviving member of country pioneers the Maddox Brothers & Rose)
  • Pete Makowski (British rock journalist turned publicist)
  • Kevin Malone (Nashville session drummer; Covid-19)
  • Paddy Maloney (founder and driving force of the Chieftains)
  • Tavish Maloney (Oso Oso guitarist)
  • Alex Malverde (Mexican hip-hop manager/promoter; Covid-19)
  • Ginny Mancini (music philanthropist, big-band singer and widow of Henry Mancini)
  • Junior Mance (jazz pianist)
  • Rose Lee Maphis (West Coast country pioneer)
  • Philip Margo (baritone singer in the Tokens)
  • Carlos Marín (Il Divo’s baritone singer)
  • Tony Markellis (bassist/songwriter and longtime Phish and Trey Anastasio collaborator)
  • Gerry Marsden (Gerry & the Pacemakers frontman)
  • Aaron Martin Jr. (Washington, D.C., jazz saxophonist; Covid-19)
  • Andrea Martin (R&B songwriter for En Vogue, Monica, SWV and others)
  • Olan Martin (Dallas punk scene fixture)
  • Pat Martino (jazz guitar master)
  • Ruth Marx (commercial jingle singer who also performed with her son, Richard Marx)
  • Barry Mason (British pop songwriter)
  • Elliot Mazer (producer, Neil Young, Linda Ronstadt, Gordon Lightfoot)
  • MC Kevin (Brazilian funk singer)
  • Charles McCardell (Time Life Records producer)
  • Clarence “Mac” McDonald (keyboardist and producer, Ray Charles, Bill Withers, James Taylor)
  • Ellen McIlwaine (blues singer/guitarist)
  • Les McKeown (Bay City Rollers singer)
  • Marilyn McLeod (’70s and ’80 Motown songwriter)
  • Robin McNamara (1970s one-hit wonder who also starred in “Hair” on Broadway)
  • Lloyd McNeill (jazz flutist)
  • Will Mecum (lead guitarist for stoner rock band Karma to Burn)
  • María Mendiola (of Spanish disco duo Baccara)
  • Marília Mendonça (Brazilian sertanejo icon)
  • Bhaskar Menon (ran Capitol Records in the 1970s and EMI Music Worldwide in the 1980s)
  • Linda Mensch (entertainment lawyer and president of the Recording Academy’s Chicago chapter in the 1990s)
  • Thomas “Mensi” Mensforth (Angelic Upstarts singer; Covid-19)
  • Andrea Meyer (German black metal, goth and folk musician; murdered)
  • John Miles (British rock singer and session musician)
  • Gerri Miller (longtime editor of Metal Edge magazine)
  • Matt “Money” Miller (original Titus Andronicus keyboardist)
  • Milva (1960s and ’70s Italian pop singer)
  • Dean Minderman (St. Louis jazz pianist and writer; founder of the popular blog St. Louis Jazz Notes)
  • Rajan Mishra (Indian classical singer; Covid-19)
  • Mike Mitchell (founding member of the Kingsmen, played guitar on “Louie Louie”)
  • Paul Mitchell (co-founder of ’70s R&B one-hit wonders the Floaters)
  • Chi Modu (acclaimed hip-hop photographer)
  • Patrick Thabo Mokoka (South African jazz bassist and co-founder of the Malopoets)
  • Money Mitch (Florida rapper)
  • Jemeel Moondoc (jazz saxophonist)
  • Barbara Moore (British jazz and pop composer/arranger/singer)
  • Bob Moore (Nashville session bassist, part of Nashville’s famed A-Team)
  • Thom Moore (classical oboist and producer)
  • Barry Mora (New Zealand opera singer)
  • Angel Moraes (New York house DJ/producer)
  • Alejandro Morales (Chicago indie-rock drummer)
  • Jorge Morel (Argentine classical guitarist/composer)
  • Stan Moress (country artist manager)
  • Michael Morgan (American conductor)
  • Chuck Morpurgo (country guitarist)
  • Norma Morris (country publicist)
  • Tony Morrison (aka Tony Feedback, one-time Angelic Upstarts bassist; Covid-19)
  • Everett Morton (English Beat drummer)
  • Robin Morton (Irish folk musician, Boys of the Lough)
  • Elijah Moshinsky (Australian opera director; Covid-19)
  • Mpura (South African amapiano star)
  • George Mraz (jazz bassist)
  • Murdock (member of Wu-Tang-affiliated hip-hop group Brooklyn Zu; murdered)
  • Chris Murphy (INXS manager)
  • Yoggie Musgrove (bassist and longtime Austin, Texas, fixture)
  • Napolian (electronic musician/producer)
  • Juan Nelson (bassist, Ben Harper and the Innocent Criminals)
  • Rick Nelson (music journalist, Tacoma News Tribune)
  • Michael Nesmith (Monkees guitarist, country-rock singer/songwriter and music video pioneer)
  • Sammy Nestico (composer/arranger best known for his work with the Count Basie Orchestra)
  • Rupert Neve (pioneering recording console designer)
  • Roger Newell (prog-rock bassist, the first to ever play a triple-neck bass)
  • Nfant (Los Angeles rapper; murdered)
  • Beverly Noga (publicist for the Bee Gees, Sonny & Cher and Cream)
  • Obe Noir (up-and-coming Houston rapper; murdered)
  • John Nolan (Australian rock guitarist, the Powder Monkeys, Bored!)
  • Ian North (founder of ’70s power-pop band Milk ‘N’ Cookies)
  • Ross “kidDEAD” Norton (Nashville rapper and concert promoter)
  • Richard Anthony Nunns (New Zealand scholar of traditional Māori instruments)
  • Denis O’Brien (George Harrison’s manager and co-founder with Harrison of HandMade Films)
  • Denis O’Dell (film producer who worked frequently with the Beatles)
  • Dick Odette (longtime music purchasing head of Musicland Group)
  • Gared O’Donnell (Planes Mistaken for Stars singer/guitarist)
  • OG YD (San Diego rapper; murdered)
  • Jamie O’Hara (country singer/songwriter)
  • Igor Oistrakh (Ukrainian violinist)
  • Ruth Olay (Los Angeles jazz singer)
  • Jim O’Rourke (longtime staple of the Orlando, Fla., rock scene)
  • Sonny Osborne (bluegrass banjoist, the Osborne Brothers)
  • Paul Oscher (blues musician who played harmonica in Muddy Waters’ band in the 1960s and ’70s; Covid-19)
  • Lou Ottens (inventor of the cassette tape… and instrumental in the development of the CD, too)
  • Bill Owens (country songwriter who was instrumental in his niece Dolly Parton’s career)
  • Duranice Pace (gospel singer, the Pace Singers)
  • Johnny Pacheco (salsa bandleader who co-founded Fania Records)
  • Winfield Parker (soul and gospel singer; Covid-19)
  • Doug Parkinson (Australian classic rocker)
  • Randy Parton (country singer and frequent collaborator with his sister Dolly)
  • Mario Pavone (jazz bassist and educator)
  • Trevor Peacock (British actor and songwriter, “Mrs. Brown, You’ve Got a Lovely Daughter”)
  • Ed Pearl (Los Angeles club owner, the Ash Grove)
  • Madlaina Peer (Swiss post-punk bassist, the Noknows, Onetwothree)
  • Sunil Perera (lead singer of Sri Lankan baila band the Gypsies; Covid-19)
  • Lee “Scratch” Perry (pioneering reggae producer, dub innovator and shaman)
  • Bennie Pete (sousaphone player and co-founder of New Orleans institution the Hot 8 Brass Band; Covid-19)
  • Andre Petersen (South African jazz pianist; Covid-19)
  • Ralph Peterson Jr. (jazz drummer and educator)
  • Wayne Peterson (Pulitzer-winning composer)
  • Bob Petric (Thomas Jefferson Slave Apartments guitarist)
  • LG Petrov (Entombed and Entombed A.D. frontman)
  • Caroline Peyton (’70s singer/songwriter and Disney voice actor)
  • Dave Philips (rock guitarist, Frank Black, Jack Logan, Guided by Voices)
  • Jay Jay Phillips (metal keyboardist and two-time “America’s Got Talent” contestant; Covid-19)
  • John Pilgrim (washboard player with British skiffle group the Vipers)
  • Carlo Pistacchi (renowned Italian record collector)
  • Andy Pollard (stage manager for Foo Fighters, Nine Inch Nails and other rock bands)
  • Arthur Pomposello (longtime host of the Algonquin Hotel’s Oak Room; Covid-19)
  • Dee Pop (Bush Tetras drummer)
  • Bob Porter (jazz producer and radio DJ)
  • Edgar “Gemini” Porter (R&B singer, Men at Large)
  • Nolan Porter (Northern soul singer)
  • Jane Powell (Hollywood musicals star)
  • Ricky Powell (hip-hop photographer)
  • Lloyd Price (rock and roll pioneer)
  • Lithofayne Pridgon (songwriter and muse to musicians including Jimi Hendrix and Sam Cooke)
  • James Primosch (American choral composer)
  • Prince Markie Dee (Fat Boys rapper, songwriter and producer)
  • Prince Quick Mix (house and hip-hop DJ)
  • James Purify (half of the soul duo James & Bobby Purify; Covid-19)
  • Arnie Pustilnik (promoter and manager, Bill Graham Presents, Carlos Santana, Train, Joe Satriani)
  • Carmel Quinn (Irish singer and entertainer)
  • Elias Rahbani (Lebanese composer; Covid-19)
  • Ian Rawes (British field recordist and sound archivist)
  • Danny Ray (James Brown’s longtime emcee and “cape man”)
  • Freddie Redd (bebop pianist)
  • Sam Reed (Philadelphia jazz saxophonist)
  • Peter Rehberg (electronic musician and founder of influential Editions Mego label)
  • Ray Reyes (Menudo singer)
  • Rickie Lee Reynolds (Black Oak Arkansas guitarist)
  • Sam Riddle (influential Los Angeles radio DJ and “Star Search” producer)
  • Bob Ringwald (Sacramento, Calif., jazz pianist)
  • Lou Robin (concert promoter and Johnny Cash’s longtime personal manager)
  • Larry Robins (manager, Natalie Cole, Bill Medley)
  • Billy Robinson (steel guitarist who backed Hank Williams and others as a member of the Grand Ole Opry house band)
  • Mick Rock (rock photographer)
  • Jimmie Rodgers (’50s and ’60s pop star)
  • Ruben Rodriguez (promo exec for labels including Motown, Island, Columbia and Elektra, and founder of hip-hop imprint Pendulum Records)
  • Servando Cano Rodriguez (founder of influential Mexican label, management and publishing company Serca)
  • Roberto Roena (salsa singer and percussionist)
  • Joanne Rogers (concert pianist who in later years preserved the legacy of her husband, TV’s Mr. Rogers)
  • Brian Rohan (celebrated San Francisco “dope lawyer”—and music lawyer—whose clients included the Grateful Dead, Janis Joplin and Aerosmith)
  • Gianna Rolandi (American soprano with the New York City Opera and Lyric Opera of Chicago)
  • Kal Rudman (founder of radio industry tip sheet FMQB)
  • Bob Rudolph (jazz trombonist)
  • Gene Rumsey (label exec, Capitol/EMI and Concord)
  • Robin Russell (R&B/rock drummer, the Nite-Liters, New Birth, Little Richard)
  • Barry Ryan (’60s British pop singer, Paul & Barry Ryan)
  • Billy Ryan (Asbury Park rock guitarist; Covid-19)
  • Frederic Rzewski (acclaimed Polish American pianist and composer)
  • Julz Sale (lead singer of UK post-punk band Delta 5)
  • Sam Salter (’90s R&B singer)
  • Steven SantaCruz (Pink Grease guitarist)
  • Dan Sartain (rock singer/songwriter)
  • Phil Schaap (jazz DJ, curator, historian)
  • Murray Schafer (Canadian composer/environmentalist)
  • Al Schmitt (engineer/producer/mixer with 23 Grammys and a career that spanned eight decades)
  • Willie Schofield (member of ’50s and ’60s Detroit R&B group the Falcons)
  • Jochen Schröder (founding guitarist of German metal band Rage)
  • Ralph Schuckett (founding member of Utopia, session keyboardist and animation composer)
  • Stephen Scott (minimalist composer noted for his bowed piano technique)
  • Miles Seaton (co-founder of experimental rock band Akron/Family)
  • Thione Seck (Senegalese mbalax singer; Covid-19)
  • Robbie Shakespeare (dub, reggae and much more bassist/producer; half of Sly & Robbie)
  • Mic Shane (Chicago hip-hop journalist, radio programmer and champion of the city’s music)
  • William Shelby (funk singer/keyboardist, Dynasty, Lakeside)
  • Joanne Shenandoah (Native American singer/songwriter/multi-instrumentalist)
  • Shock G (Digital Underground frontman and Tupac producer)
  • Norman Simmons (jazz pianist)
  • Sonny Simmons (jazz saxophonist)
  • Joe Simon (’60s and ’70s R&B hitmaker, “The Chokin’ Kind,” “Power of Love”)
  • Patrick Sky (folk singer)
  • Toby Slater (singer of Britpop band Catch and early co-owner of music news & research brand Music Ally)
  • Slim 400 (Compton rapper; murdered)
  • Ken Slone (jazz trumpeter known for his Charlie Parker transcriptions)
  • Doug Smiley (music marketing exec)
  • Lonnie Smith (jazz’s master of the Hammond organ)
  • Tony Smith (New York disco DJ)
  • Johnny Solinger (metal singer who replaced Sebastian Bach in Skid Row and stuck around for 16 years)
  • Stephen Sondheim (composer & lyricist who reshaped and reimagined musical theater)
  • Sophie (electro-pop artist and producer)
  • Sound Sultan (Nigerian hip-hop singer/rapper/songwriter)
  • Phil Spector (“Wall of Sound” producer, abuser, murderer; Covid-19)
  • Christine Cooper Spindel (Memphis radio programming pioneer, WDIA)
  • SqueakPivot (hip-hop producer and DJ for Chicago’s the Pivot Gang; murdered)
  • Bryan St. Pere (Hum drummer)
  • Bill Staines (folk singer/songwriter)
  • Mike Stamper aka Nick Stump (Kentucky blues singer, the Metropolitan Blues All Stars)
  • Anthony “OneSelf” Stanford (Dallas hip-hop producer and promoter; Covid-19)
  • Michael Stanley (the heart of Cleveland rock and roll)
  • Pervis Staples (founding member of the Staple Singers)
  • Corey Steger (Underoath guitarist)
  • Robby Steinhardt (Kansas violinist and vocalist)
  • Jim Steinman (rock composer/producer best known for Meat Loaf’s “Bat Out of Hell” album)
  • Marcel Stellman (British lyricist, producer and record exec)
  • Mimi Stern-Wolfe (New York pianist, conductor and concert programmer)
  • Tom Stevens (Long Ryders bassist)
  • Kaleb Stewart (bassist for Gainesville, Fla., punk band As Friends Rust)
  • Steve Strange (UK booking agent for Coldplay, Eminem, My Bloody Valentine and countless others)
  • Franz Streitwieser (classical trumpet player and world-renowned trumpet collector)
  • Francis Stueber (longtime Kiss guitar tech; Covid-19)
  • Koichi Sugiyama (Dragon Quest composer)
  • Supa Gates (up-and-coming Brooklyn rapper; murdered)
  • Sylvain Sylvain (New York Dolls guitarist)
  • Jem Targal (singer/bassist of Detroit psych-rock band Third Power)
  • Greg Tate (music & culture critic, musician, organizer, guiding spirit)
  • Ben Taylor (ticketing executive, Front Gate Tickets)
  • Gene Taylor (roots-rock pianist, the Fabulous Thunderbirds, the Blasters)
  • Ghédalia Tazartès (French experimental composer)
  • Takeshi Terauchi (Japanese rock guitarist)
  • Jack Terricloth (cabaret punk singer, World/Inferno Friendship Society)
  • Mikis Theodorakis (Greek composer and political activist)
  • Gabriel Segwaga “Mabi” Thobejane (South African percussionist)
  • J. Thomas (pop/country singer and AM radio staple)
  • Dennis “Dee Tee” Thomas (Kool & the Gang saxophonist and master of ceremonies)
  • John Ashton Thomas (film composer/arranger)
  • Chucky Thompson (Bad Boy Records songwriter/producer, Mary J. Blige, the Notorious B.I.G.; Covid-19)
  • Sue Thompson (’50s and ’60s country and pop singer)
  • Tim Thorney (Canadian songwriter/producer)
  • Russ Thyret (Warner Bros. Records chairman/CEO)
  • Pauline Tinsley (British soprano)
  • Pil Trafa (lead singer of Argentine punk band Los Violadores)
  • Brian Travers (UB40 saxophone player and lyricist)
  • Colleen Trenwith (New Zealand bluegrass fiddler)
  • Chucky Trill (Houston rapper; murdered)
  • Rosalie Trombley (influential music director and tastemaker at Windsor, Ont., AM radio powerhouse CKLW)
  • Johnny Trudell (Detroit jazz bandleader who played trumpet on several Motown classics)
  • Colin Tully (Scottish multi-instrumentalist and film composer, “Gregory’s Girl,” “That Sinking Feeling”)
  • Ronnie Tutt (in-demand session drummer who played with Elvis Presley, Jerry Garcia and countless others)
  • U-Roy (pioneering Jamaican DJ/toaster)
  • Jonathan Valania (indie rocker turned rock critic and journalist; a longtime fixture in Philadelphia music)
  • Hilton Valentine (Animals guitarist)
  • Benjamin Vallé (Viagra Boys guitarist)
  • Melvin Van Peebles (influential film director was also a film composer, released several albums and wrote two Broadway musicals)
  • Theresa Velasquez (Miami DJ, label founder and Live Nation executive; victim of the Surfside condo collapse)
  • Johnny Ventura (Dominican merengue icon)
  • Graham Vick (British opera director and founder of the Birmingham Opera Company; Covid-19)
  • Andrew Violette (contemporary classical composer)
  • Rob Vitale (lead singer of New York hardcore bands Black Train Jack and Nine Lives; Covid-19)
  • VNZA (Detroit rapper; murdered)
  • Hank von Helvete (Turbonegro singer, also known as Hank von Hell)
  • Voombastic Uncle P (Nigerian highlife musician)
  • Yoshi Wada (Japanese composer and member of the Fluxus movement)
  • Eric Wagner (doom metal singer, Trouble; Covid-19)
  • Bunny Wailer (reggae legend who co-founded the Wailers with Bob Marley and Peter Tosh)
  • Jeff Wald (manager best known for guiding the career of Helen Reddy, his wife of 18 years)
  • Yuval Waldman (violinist and conductor)
  • Chris Wall (Texas country singer/songwriter)
  • Ed Ward (rock critic and historian and one of the founding employees of SXSW)
  • Charlie Watts (the heartbeat of the Rolling Stones)
  • Jim Weatherly (songwriter, “Midnight Train to Georgia”)
  • Nick Weaver (songwriter/guitarist for Australia’s Deep Sea Arcade)
  • Gil Wechsler (longtime Metropolitan Opera lighting designer)
  • George Wein (influential founder of the Newport Jazz and Folk festivals)
  • Chuck E. Weiss (LA singer/songwriter, club owner and man about town)
  • Howard Weitzman (entertainment lawyer whose clientele include Michael Jackson, Diddy and Justin Bieber)
  • Tommy West (producer/songwriter best known for his work with Jim Croce)
  • James White (owner of long-running Austin country music dance hall the Broken Spoke)
  • Andy Williams (Casting Crowns drummer)
  • Parker Lee Williams (Chicago hip-hop pioneer and music director for Oprah Winfrey’s Harpo Productions)
  • Warner Williams (Piedmont blues guitarist)
  • Allan Wilmot (British Jamaican pop singer, the Southlanders)
  • Lou Wilson (Michigan-via-Mississippi soul singer)
  • Mary Wilson (co-founder, the Supremes)
  • Ronnie Wilson (trumpeter/keyboardist who co-founded the Gap Band with his brothers Charlie and Robert)
  • Terence “Astro” Wilson (UB40 toaster)
  • Willie Winfield (doo-wop singer, the Harptones)
  • WizDaWizard (South Florida rapper)
  • Matt Wolfe (metal drummer, Byzantine)
  • Louise Woodcock (British experimental musician and performance artist)
  • Ian Worang (Toronto indie-rock guitarist, Uncut, Bishop Morocco)
  • Samuel E. Wright (Tony-winning musical actor who starred in “The Lion King” and “Pippin” onstage and “The Little Mermaid” onscreen)
  • Walter Yetnikoff (colorful, controversial CEO of CBS Records in the 1970s and ’80s)
  • YNT Juan (up-and-coming Hartford rapper; murdered)
  • J. Yoon (singer for Korean rock band M.C. the Max)
  • Young Dolph (Memphis rapper; murdered)
  • Rusty Young (Poco singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist)
  • Wanda Young (Marvelettes singer)
  • Yung Kece (up-and-coming San Diego rapper; murdered)
  • Gabriel B. Zavala (mariachi performer and teacher; Covid-19)
  • Marsha Zazula (co-founder Megaforce Records)
  • Peter Zinovieff (influential British synth designer and composer)
  • Pete Zorba (British house DJ)
  • Teresa Zylis-Gara (Polish soprano)